Principles underlying sportive fencing

Fencing - combat sport. It has been an Olympic discipline (individual and team events) since 1896 (men) and 1924 (women). There are three forms of Olympic fencing: sabre, épée and foil.  Apart from the type of used weapon, these competitions differs as far as valid target area is concerned: in case of épée the valid target area covers the whole body,  in sabre - it covers the upper part of the body (everything above the waist), whereas in foil it is restricted only to the torso.

In all types of weapon a hit is signalled by a special electronic apparatus. What concerns épée, the fencer who hits first scores a point, or in case when both fencers land a valid hit at the same time (time difference not exceeding 0.2 seconds), both fencers score a point. In case of sabre and foil, fencers follow the so-called convention, which is a set of conventional rules. This means that for example the fencer making the offensive action has priority in making the hit before the defending fencer making a counter-attack, the attack of the fencer loses priority to the riposte, after it has been previously successfully parried etc.

In épée and foil only touches are scored, however in sabre both touches and hits are scored. Sabre and foil used in sports weight 500 g, whereas épée weights 750 g. This is not the only difference, as they also differ as far as bell (bell-guard) is concerned, which is a cut-shaped metal protecting the hand, as well as cross-section of the blade: triangular in épée, square in foil and flat rectangle in sabre. What is more, in épée and foil, apart from the traditional (French) grip, we can also meet the anatomical grip (f. ex. the Belgian type), which is adjusted to the anatomical structure of the hand.

The special playing area where fencing bout takes place is called a piste or a strip.


General provisions

1. There are three types of competitions in sportive fencing: foil, sabre and épée.
2. These competitions differ within the aspect of valid target area, weapon and rules regarding refereeing.
3. Fencing bouts take place on a piste, which should be between 1.5 and 2 metres wide and 14 metres long.
4. Before and after each bout fencers must salute each other with a bow, and additionally after the bout they shake hands using the non-sword hand.
5. There are two so-called en garde lines, where the fencers stand at the beginning of the bout, as well as after a point has been scored to any of them.


Foil

1. Stabbing weapon. Touches are made with the tip of the weapon (so-called button) and they need to land inside the valid target area.
2. The valid target area covers the whole torso with the lower abdomen. Touches on the head, arms and legs are not scored.
3. Foil is governed by the rules of priority, also known as the right of way, which enable to determine the priority of certain actions over other actions. If both fencers land a valid hit at the same time,  the touch will be awarded to the fencer, who hits with priority.

Fundamental rules of convention:
- line has priority before attack
- attack has priority before counter-attack
- priority of action (attack) is eliminated by the parry and immediate riposte


Épée

1. Stabbing weapon. Touches are made with the tip of the weapon (so-called button) and they need to land inside the valid target area.
2. The valid target area covers the whole body.
3. The rules of convention do not apply. All actions remain equal. In case of simultaneous (compound) touches both fencers receive a point.

Épée fencing as a sport is most closely related with classic duels. When fighting with épée you will taste the true fight and adrenaline rush associated with duelling.


Sabre

1. Cutting and stabbing weapon. Touches are made mainly with cuts and rarely with thrusting.
2. The valid target area is from the waist up (the whole body without the lower abdomen and legs).
3. Sabre is governed by the rules of priority, also known as the right of way, which enable to determine the priority of certain actions over other actions. If both fencers land a valid hit at the same time,  the touch will be awarded to the fencer, who hits with priority.

Fundamental rules of convention:
- line has priority before attack
- attack has priority before counter-attack
- priority of action (attack) is eliminated by the parry and immediate riposte

One-time, 60 minute presentation for beginners.

This is a basic 4-hour training, covering fundamental aspects of sportive fencing theory and including actual fencing practice.

Group training.

Individual 60 minute lessons with instructor for people who never practiced fencing.

Individual 60 minute lesson with the instructor for people who finished the "Épée fencing course" or a series of "Individual basic épée fencing lessons".

Zajęcia szermiercze dla osób które ukończyły kurs grupowy / indywidualny szermierki na szpady sportowe lub uprawiały kiedyś szermierkę.

 

Fencing duel for people who desire to try their hands in fencing fight using sportive épée.

Proposition for organised groups (each group can have at least 6 people and no more than 16 people).

Chcesz kogoś obdarować. Bon podarunkowy na kurs szermierczy to ciekawa propozycja na oryginalny prezent.